Answering the big question: Who supports the most U.S. jobs?
At Level Field, we believe the most accurate way to judge an automaker's contribution to the
U.S. economy is to examine the number of jobs that company supports on a car-by-car basis.
This number should take into consideration:
|Jobs that take place beyond the assembly line, including engineering, design, finance, and more.|
|Market share—because a smaller automaker’s jobs are measured against the cars it sells, rather than the jobs a larger automaker might support.
To make it easier to calculate the number of jobs supported by a particular model of car, the
Level Field Institute has developed the JPC Rating.
The JPC Rating: An easy, effective way to compare.
The JPC Rating is calculated by dividing the total number of cars sold by an automaker in the U.S. by the company's U.S. workforce. It measures an automaker's contribution to job creation in all areas—research, design, engineering and management—not just assembly jobs. From a simple mathematical perspective, the rating tells you how many U.S. workers a company employs for every 2,500 cars they sell. For example, Ford employs 89 Americans for every 2,500 cars sold, followed by GM and Chrysler at 78 and 92 respectively. Honda ranks first among the major foreign automakers, with a score of 54 followed by Toyota, Nissan and Hyundai/Kia at 51, 38, and 26 respectively. Why do we count jobs per 2,500 cards sold, rather than for each car sold? Doing so produces whole numbers, which are easier to compare. For example, each Hyundai car supports .01 jobs, while every 2500 cars support 26.
Industry JPC Scores—at a glance.
Because Ford, GM and Chrysler conduct far more of their research, design, engineering, manufacturing and assembly work in the U.S. than foreign automakers do, buying a Ford, GM, or Chrysler supports almost three times as many jobs as buying the average foreign automobile. Some comparisons are even more striking. Buying a Ford supports 3.5 times more jobs than buying a Hyundai. Comparing a Honda and a Hyundai? Buying a Honda supports more than 2 times more jobs.
Our results may surprise some observers. If you look at an automobile’s entire job footprint, you would see that autos assembled outside the U.S. by companies based here support significantly more U.S. jobs than autos assembled here by companies with most of their engineering, design and headquarters jobs located overseas. For example, a Ford assembled in Mexico this year will likely support approximately 3 times more U.S. jobs as a Mercedes assembled in Alabama. It will also contain more U.S. and Canadian parts than a BMW assembled in South Carolina.
American Automakers vs. Foreign Automakers
Chrysler vs. Foreign Automakers
Chrysler vs. Honda
Chrysler vs. Hyundai
Chrysler vs. Nissan
Chrysler vs. Toyota
Chrysler vs. Volkswagen
Ford vs. Foreign Automakers
Ford vs. Honda
Ford vs. Hyundai
Ford vs. Nissan
Ford vs. Toyota
Ford vs. Volkswagen
GM vs. Foreign Automakers
GM vs. Honda
GM vs. Hyundai
GM vs. Nissan
GM vs. Toyota
GM vs. Volkswagen
Honda vs. Nissan
Honda vs. Hyundai
Honda vs. Toyota
Honda vs. Volkswagen
Nissan vs. Hyundai
Nissan vs. Volkswagen
Toyota vs. Hyundai
Toyota vs. Nissan
Toyota vs. Volkswagen
Volkswagen vs. Hyundai